Archives pour la catégorie Work

Applied anthropology : toward an hermeneutic approach

Recently I have been thinking about how to apply my anthropology knowledge and ethnographer skills to work in organizations. Through the multiple experts, consultants and applied social scientists I met, there seem to be two different visions of the « applied social sciences expert ». On the one hand, there is the traditional consultant who comes with solutions based on his or her specific knowledge; this is the vision we often find in management consulting. On the other hand, there is a less mundane vision of expertise which is based on shared experience, learning and where the solutions are co-created by both parties. I think this vision has something to do with an hermeneutic epistemology and I will try to show that anthropology has the needed skills to act as a co-creation agent.

Continuer la lecture Applied anthropology : toward an hermeneutic approach

Insight : réflexions autour de l’éclairage ethnographique en entreprise

Vendre ses services comme anthropologue-ethnologue n’est pas une tâche évidente : non seulement nous ne sommes pas formés à le faire, mais cette façon de concevoir notre travail casse avec celle qui nous est enseignée à l’université. Que peut-on spécifiquement apporter dans ces milieux où l’on ne peut pas rivaliser avec les connaissances pratiques des acteurs qui les constituent? Des insights! J’essaierai ici de définir cette expression autour d’un petit plaidoyer s’intéressant à ce que l’ethnologue peut apporter comme spécialiste de la culture.

Continuer la lecture Insight : réflexions autour de l’éclairage ethnographique en entreprise

Industry as an ecosystem : the problems of a functionalist analogy

An ecosystem metaphor is often used to describe an industry as a whole, like a cluster, but having a more “lively” aspect. Montreal’s videogame industry promoters I met while doing my master thesis used the expression to describe the industry’s nature nowadays. It carries a strong living aspect as all parts make a whole organism, appearing to be one of the most valued industry in Montreal. However, as I argued in my master thesis: «We should not limit the ecosystem metaphor to its vivacity; ecosystem can easily be unbalanced and even destroyed by an external change.» (Pineault, 2014: 69) Anthropology’s Functionalists made an extensive use of the organic analogy in their attempts to explain culture and critics have showed its limit. In this short article, I would like to explain why we must be cautious about using the ecosystem to describe an industrial or creative cluster.

Continuer la lecture Industry as an ecosystem : the problems of a functionalist analogy

LinkedIn as a part of projective city : strategic networking

I recently subscribed to LinkedIn, wanting to know how video game developers use it as a tool to promote themselves in the developers community. I made my own cv-profile and rapidly got “in touch” with a few of them but I asked myself: hummm….what’s next? Okay, well, I’ve done my CV things but what can I do next? Facebook, for example, gives much more options to interact or share with friends but…wait! They aren’t friends but contacts, professional contacts who insert in a network that celebrate employability. What does it mean?

Continuer la lecture LinkedIn as a part of projective city : strategic networking